January 16 is annually celebrated World Day of "The Beatles".
On this day in 1957 in Liverpool opened Club Cavern, where at one time the legendary band debuted.
The club was equipped at the beginning of 1957 in a former bomb shelter of the Second World War in the industrial area of Liverpool, a port city 350 kilometers north-west of London. 16 January 1957 a new facility was opened, but appeared that day on the stage participants "Fab Four", and fashionable while jazz bands Merseysippi Jazz Band, Wall City Jazzmen, Ralph Watmough Jazz Band. We attended a concert of about 600 spectators, a few hundred remain in the queue on the street - in the club did not have enough space.
July 31, 1957 at the Cavern Club stage was introduced by Richard Starkey, better known as Ringo Starr. He has performed with the ensemble Eddie Clayton Skiffle Group, trying to combine their folk music and rock 'n' roll.
August 7, 1957 to address the Cavern Club invited another group playing skiffle style - The Quarrymen, a party which was John Lennon. January 28, 1958 as part of The Quarrymen Cavern debuted on stage Paul McCartney. The band members John Lennon McCartney began in October 1957. In the spring of 1958 for occasional performances, but with the fall - on a permanent basis, they were joined by a friend of Paul, George Harrison.
The first performance of The Beatles at The Cavern was held on February 9, 1961. Team this evening was as follows: Lennon - Harrison - McCartney and Stuart Sutcliffe, playing bass and Pete Best on drums. Soon the band The Beatles became a regular participant of the concert at The Cavern and gained a lot of fans here. November 9, 1961 Club visited Liverpool businessman Brian Epstein. Seeing The Beatles, he offered his services to the team as manager and in June 1962 an agreement with the company Parlophone Records the session recording.
August 15, 1962 a concert of The Beatles, which was the last time was the drummer Pete Best. August 19 the same year, the band performed on stage Cavern composition remained unchanged until the collapse of the ensemble in 1970: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, piano, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano, vocals), George Harrison (solo -gitara, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums, vocals).
Soon the group began working in the studio, where he saw the light of the first single Love Me Do. It was released on October 5, 1962 and reached 17th place on the charts music magazine Record Retailer.
August 3, 1963 The Beatles gave the last of the 292's concerts in Liverpool club Cavern. In the wake of the popularity of the club also acquired legendary status, becoming the band's fans for many the birthplace of The Beatles.
In March 1973, the club was closed and did not open its doors until 1984.
The reconstructed Cavern was revived in April 1984, but only in the 1990s, the club once again become the venue for live concerts.
December 14, 1999 Paul McCartney "back" in the Cavern, to give a concert here. McCartney helped no less legendary musicians - guitarist Dave Gilmour from Pink Floyd's drummer Ian Paice and the group Deep Purple. Together they sang rock and roll compositions shortly before it released the album McCartney Run Devil Run.
In 2007, with the assistance of record labels EMI and Universal released the album The Cavern. The Most Famous Club In The World, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the club. It includes 50 tracks from artists ever to appear on stage Cavern, including The Beatles and the famous British rock band The Who, Oasis, Arctic Monkeys and others.